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【靈氣】靈氣在醫學上的臨床實踐研究   |  2021.05.07


MASSAGE Magazine-靈氣在醫學上的臨床實踐研究

本文為美國MASSAGE Magazine五月份發布的靈氣相關醫學研究介紹。其中摘錄了安·琳達·鮑德溫(Ann Linda Baldwin)博士對靈氣的相關醫學統計研究。MASSAGE Magazine於西元1985年創立至今,是一個相當老牌的健康相關雜誌。


靈氣在醫學上的臨床實踐研究 REIKI IN CLINICAL PRACTICE

醫院對靈氣的使用以及對這種補充療法的研究,讓我們為共同理解靈氣在臨床實踐中的幫助提供了一條途徑。

根據國際靈氣訓練中心(International Center for Reiki Training)的說法,“靈氣是日本的一種減輕壓力的技術,它也可以並通過雙手進行治療,並促進身體的康復。 且任何人都可以輕鬆學習。”

實際上,靈氣不僅是一種技術,更是一種生活的方式,而且所有靈氣實踐者都希望遵循創始人臼井甕男的五項靈氣守則,這是他在冥想過程中所獲得的啟迪:

就在今日.不怒不憂.心存感謝.勤勉其業.待人親切。

靈氣的優勢 Advantages of Reiki

補充療法的範圍涵蓋了超出了以藥物治療為主的其他醫學療法(傳統醫療中,主要透過使用藥物和手術來對抗疾病),但可以與其他藥物一起使用於治療各種疾病和健康的不良狀態。例子包括靈氣,按摩,氣功,生物反饋,創傷釋放,催眠,順勢療法,整脊,整骨,針灸,中藥或草藥療法。

靈氣與其他幾種輔助療法(例如氣功,生物反饋,創傷釋放和催眠術)共有的兩個優點是,它是非侵入性的,可以與其他療法安全地結合使用。不會吸收任何物質,也不會以任何方式操縱身體的任何部分。與大多數補充療法一樣,靈氣療法可以解決身體,情感和精神問題。此外,像按摩和創傷釋放運動一樣,靈氣簡單且易於掌握。

與按摩,整脊和整骨療法相似,除了治療台之外,不需要任何特殊設備。與創傷釋放練習和氣功一樣,靈氣可以自我管理與掌控。

實際上,由於靈氣是通過靈氣從業者傳播能量的,所以從業者每次將靈氣傳遞給他人時,自己也將獲得靈氣。與列出的任何其他輔助療法不同,靈氣易於學習,即使僅幾分鐘仍可產生益處。靈氣可以在任何環境中執行。最重要的是,靈氣沒有副作用。

醫院提供靈氣的好處Benefits of Hospital Reiki

靈氣是一種綜合療法,可治療個人的身心狀態。通常,一到四個30至60分鐘的療程足以減輕恐懼和焦慮,緩解慢性和急性疼痛,減輕化學療法的副作用,幫助癌症(和臨終關懷)患者容易接受後續的治療與診斷,改善緊張的人際關係,加快手術後的恢復速度,縮短手術後的住院時間。

此外,靈氣使患者處於鎮定狀態,以便其他藥物和療法可以更有效地發揮作用。最嚴格的數據表明,靈氣在四個方面產生了正面的積極影響:

•急性和慢性疼痛。
•癌症治療期間的疼痛和幸福感。
•壓力,焦慮和沮喪。
•靈氣從業者的幸福感。

1998年,康涅狄格州哈特福德醫院(Hartford Hospital)批准在女性健康領域開發靈氣志願者試點計劃。患者和醫務人員的報告中說,靈氣對於疼痛和焦慮的減輕顯著,睡眠也有所改善。

結果,該計劃於1999年正式成為綜合醫學部門研究計畫的一部分。1998年,10名靈氣義工提供了523個靈氣療程。在2012年,大約40–50名靈氣義工共提供了3,167次靈氣課程。15年中提供的靈氣療程總數為58,214。超過84%的患者表示,由於靈氣和綜合醫學部門提供的其他補充和替代療法,他們將來更有可能選擇在哈特福德醫院接受治療。

摘自2016年3月1日的線上文章“哈特福德醫院的靈氣志願者計劃15週年慶”的患者評論到:

“我希望靈氣永遠都在,因為它可以幫助我在放鬆和康復方面起到很多作用,使我充滿活力地去積極思考,忘記不好的事情。我感謝靈氣;真的,真的幫助了我!”

“我覺得靈氣計劃幫助我放鬆和加深了呼吸的模式,從而減輕了我的痛苦。我對靈氣義工們表示非常感謝。”

“由於靈氣對我產生了影響,我再也不會去另一家醫院了。我進行了八次手術,而在哈特福德醫院進行的最後一次是最痛苦的一次。靈氣治療幫助我解決了這一問題,並相信我可以與靈氣一起再次經歷它。”

“即使使用了止痛藥,只有在靈氣療程之後,是我唯一一次從疼痛中解放!”

從最初的試驗階段(1999年12月至2000年12月)使用靈氣的患者獲得的數據表明,與以前相比,有570例患者在進行靈氣治療後感覺疼痛明顯減輕,並且放鬆了許多。 在進行靈氣療法的先導研究後(2004年7月至12月),從患者獲得的數據表明,進行靈氣或按摩後,有97%的患者表示睡眠得到改善,有91%的患者表示噁心得到減輕。

2003年8月至2004年12月間,在哈特福德醫院布朗斯通門診就診的患者,每週接受靈氣,按摩或針灸治療6週,治療後焦慮和疼痛明顯減輕。 2008年,哈特福德醫院靈氣計劃擴展到了癌症中心。 靈氣正越來越多地用於安慰癌症患者並減輕其痛苦和焦慮。

醫院中的靈氣–癌症患者 Reiki in Hospitals – Cancer Patients

根據《美國新聞與世界報導》(US News&World Report)排名,美國三大最負盛名的癌症醫院分別是:德克薩斯州MD安德森癌症中心(MD Anderson Cancer Center);紐約紀念斯隆·凱特琳癌症中心(Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center);和明尼蘇達州的梅奧診所(Mayo Clinic)。這三所醫院均向患者提供靈氣療法。

MD安德森癌症中心名列第一,其綜合醫學中心提供整體的治療,可滿足患者的心理,精神和情感需求。紀念史隆·凱特琳癌症中心成立於1884年,當時是紐約癌症醫院,排名第二。他們的中西醫結合服務提供針灸,私人培訓,營養和飲食補充諮詢,按摩和身心療法(其中包括靈氣) 。

他們的目標是舒緩和減輕症狀,例如疼痛,肌肉緊張,術後不適,肌肉與骨骼問題,焦慮,抑鬱,失眠,壓力和疲勞。

梅奧診所在癌症醫院中排名第三。 梅奧診所還致力於整體治療,包括在治療過程中可能出現的精神和情感衝突以及需求。靈氣的從業者為梅奧診所醫院的校園和部分門診患者提供志願服務。

醫院中的靈氣–臨終關懷 Reiki in Hospitals – Hospice Care

靈氣對於接受安寧或臨終關懷的患者特別有效。靈氣治療師國際協會(The International Association of Reiki Practitioners )在其網站上表示:“作為一種補充治療,靈氣在臨終關懷,安寧治療和家庭護理領域越來越受歡迎。”據亞利桑那州鳳凰城山谷的臨終關懷醫院病歷經理,RN,BSN的布洛克(Merlene Bullock)說,靈氣與安寧生活質量的改善有關。 (Bullock, 1997)

靈氣出現的一些一般趨勢包括:穩定的時期,其中有時間享受人生的最後時光;如果即將來臨的死亡,和平而平靜的過去;並減輕疼痛,焦慮,呼吸困難(呼吸急促)和浮腫。靈氣是對患者生命週期的支持,提高其剩餘生命質量的寶貴補充療法。

Pikia Miles,靈氣大師,教育家兼作家,曾就如何將靈氣實踐納入臨床護理諮詢過醫院管理人員,他說:

有愛心的家庭成員可以為自己安寧患者學習靈氣。因為在旁的照顧者常常會感到壓力,靈氣第1級教授的第一件事就是自我保健。這種能力可用於照顧安寧患者,從而使家屬“感覺自己有用”(Miles,2003)。

2012年,賓夕法尼亞大學的部分衛生系統Penn Wissahickon臨終關懷醫院測試了一項自願性計畫,測試靈氣在臨終關懷環境中的有效性。志願協調員Ellen Inglesby-Deering評論說:“這非常令人興奮。除了患者,家屬和志願者的正面積極反饋外,我什麼也沒有聽到。”

一名志願者提到一名患有晚期癡呆症的患者,該患者在治療後咯咯笑,然後開始與女兒交談。女兒後來評論說,一年多來她一直無法與母親進行對話,這對她有好處。

根據在線請求更多靈氣志願者的判斷,靈氣臨終關懷計劃仍然活躍。

在羅德島州普羅維登斯市布朗大學的Alpert醫學院進行了一項小型研究(Connor和Anadarajah,2017),探討接受靈氣治療的臨終關懷患者及其護理人員的經歷。

出現了三個主要主題:

1.彼此的信任在嘗試靈氣和獲得幫助方面都起著重要的作用。

2.在靈氣期間感覺到身體的變化狀態; 描述中的顯著相似之處包括軀體感覺(由皮膚,肌肉,關節等引起),溫度變化和視覺的感受。

3.靈氣可以緩解某些症狀,最常見的是焦慮症。 其他包括疼痛,躁動,噁心和失眠。 參與者報告無副作用。 結論是,儘管臨終患者的症狀管理仍然是一個挑戰,但靈氣有潛力在治療多種症狀(尤其是焦慮症)中作為有用的輔助療法。


基於科學的指南
本文摘自安琳達·鮑德溫(Ann Linda Baldwin)博士的“臨床實踐中的靈氣:基於科學的指南”(2020年,版權所有©Handspring Publishing)。


關於作者:
Ann Linda Baldwin

安·琳達·鮑德溫(Ann Linda Baldwin)博士是Mind-Body-Science所長兼亞利桑那大學生理學教授,她在那裡研究精神和情緒壓力的生理影響。 鮑德溫是臼井靈氣和卡魯納靈氣的大師。 她是靈氣研究中心的主編,英國靈氣聯合會研究小組的成員。


原文出處:
MASSAGE Magazine五月份專欄文章


延伸閱讀:
《能量醫學對手部疼痛的治療研究》
《靈氣的臨床實踐研究》
《大數據研究 靈氣對身心健康的效用》
《靈氣在心理療程對焦慮症狀的研究》
《靈氣影響癌細胞分裂與成長的研究》
《靈氣對子宮切除術後疼痛與焦慮的研究》
《靈氣對疼痛的影響研究》
《靈氣在醫療上的科學實驗證據》


REIKI IN CLINICAL PRACTICEMay 3, 2021Ann Linda Baldwin, PhD
Massage Practice ArticlesTechnique Articles6 minute read

Hospitals’ use of Reiki, and research into this complementary modality, together provide a path for understanding the benefits of Reiki in clinical practice.
According to the International Center for Reiki Training, “Reiki is a Japanese technique for stress reduction that also promotes healing. It is administered by laying on hands and can be easily learned by anyone.”

Actually, Reiki is taught more as a lifestyle than just a technique, and all Reiki practitioners aim to follow the five Principles of Reiki that were received by founder Mikao Usui during his meditations:

Just for today I give thanks for my many blessings.

Just for today I will not worry.

Just for today I will not anger.

Just for today I will do my work honestly.

Just for today I will be kind to myself and every other living thing.

Advantages of Reiki
Complementary medicine covers a range of medical therapies that fall beyond the scope of allopathic medicine (in which disease is combated mainly by using drugs and surgery) but may be used alongside it in the treatment of disease and ill health. Examples include Reiki, massage, Qigong, biofeedback, trauma release exercises, hypnosis, homeopathy, chiropractic, osteopathy, acupuncture, Chinese or oriental medicine and herbal medicine.

Two advantages that Reiki shares with several other complementary therapies, such as clinical Qigong, biofeedback, trauma release exercises and hypnosis, is that it is non-invasive and can be used safely in conjunction with other therapies. No substances are imbibed, and no part of the body is manipulated in any way. As with most complementary therapies, Reiki addresses physical, emotional and mental issues. In addition, like massage and trauma release exercises, Reiki is simple and easy to administer.

Similar to massage, chiropractic and osteopathy, no special equipment is needed apart from a treatment table. In common with trauma release exercises and Qigong, Reiki can be self-administered.

In fact, because Reiki is channeled through the practitioner, the practitioner will also receive Reiki every time they give it to another person. Unlike any of the other complementary therapies listed, Reiki is easy to learn and benefits can result even after a few minutes. Reiki can be performed in any environment. Most importantly, Reiki has no side effects.

[Read the MASSAGE Magazine guide, “The Massage Therapist’s Guide to Reiki.”]

Benefits of Hospital Reiki
Reiki is an integrative therapy that treats the whole person, mind and body. Usually, between one and four 30- to 60-minute sessions are sufficient to reduce fear and anxiety, ease chronic and acute pain, relieve side effects of chemotherapy, help cancer (and hospice) patients come to terms with their diagnosis, improve challenging relationships, speed up recovery after surgery and reduce length of hospital stay post-surgery.

In addition, Reiki puts the patient in a calm state so that other medicines and treatments can work more effectively. The most rigorous data suggest Reiki’s positive effects in four areas:

• Acute and chronic pain.

• Pain and well-being during cancer treatment.

• Stress, anxiety and depression.

• Practitioner well-being.

In 1998, Hartford Hospital, Connecticut, approved the development of a Reiki volunteer pilot program in Women’s Health. Patients and staff reported statistically significant reductions in pain and anxiety, as well as improvement with sleep.

As a result, the program became part of a formal Integrative Medicine Department in 1999. In 1998, 10 volunteers provided 523 Reiki sessions. In 2012, approximately 40–50 volunteers provided 3,167 Reiki sessions. The total number of Reiki sessions provided over the 15 years is 58,214. Over 84% of patients say they would be more likely to choose Hartford Hospital for future admissions because of Reiki and other complementary and alternative therapies offered by Integrative Medicine.

Some comments from patients taken from an online article, “Hartford Hospital’s Reiki Volunteer Program Celebrates its 15th Year Anniversary,” dated March 1, 2016, are shown below:

“I hope Reiki is always available because it helped me a lot in relaxing and healing, giving me energy to think positive and forget the bad things wrong with me. I thank you for Reiki; it really, really helped me!”

“I felt the Reiki program helped me to relax and deepen my breathing patterns which, in turn, reduced my pain. I am very grateful for the Reiki volunteers.”

“I will never go to another hospital again because of the effect Reiki has had on me. I have had eight operations and the last one at HH was the most painful. The Reiki session helped me handle it and believe I can go through it again with Reiki.”

“Even on pain medications, after a Reiki session was the only time I was pain free!”

Data obtained from patients who got Reiki during the initial pilot phase (December 1999–December 2000) demonstrates that 570 patients felt significantly less pain and were more relaxed after a Reiki session than before. Data obtained from patients after the pilot study when the Reiki program had expanded (July–December 2004) indicate that after Reiki or massage, 97% of patients said that their sleep improved and 91% said that their nausea was reduced.

Patients attending the Brownstone Ambulatory Clinic, Hartford Hospital, between August 2003 and December 2004 who received Reiki, massage or acupuncture once a week for six weeks showed significantly less anxiety and pain after their treatment. In 2008, Hartford Hospital Reiki Program was extended to the Cancer Center. Reiki is being used increasingly to comfort cancer patients and to decrease their pain and anxiety.

Reiki in Hospitals – Cancer Patients
Three of the most prestigious cancer hospitals in the U.S., as ranked by US News & World Report, are: MD Anderson Cancer Center, Texas; Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York; and Mayo Clinic, Minnesota. All three of these hospitals offer Reiki to their patients.

MD Anderson Cancer Center is ranked No. 1 and their Integrative Medicine Center provides holistic treatments in which the mental, spiritual and emotional needs of the patient are provided. Founded in 1884 as the New York Cancer Hospital, the Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center is ranked No. 2. Their Integrative Medicine Service offers acupuncture, personal training, nutrition and dietary supplement counselling, massage, and mind-body therapies (where Reiki is included).

Their goal is to soothe and alleviate symptoms such as pain, muscle tension, postoperative discomfort, musculoskeletal problems, anxiety, depression, insomnia, stress, and fatigue.

Mayo Clinic is ranked No. 3 in cancer hospitals. Mayo Clinic has also focused on a holistic approach, including the spiritual and emotional conflicts and needs that might arise during treatment. Reiki practitioners provide volunteer services to patients at both Mayo Clinic Hospital campuses and some outpatient areas.

Reiki in Hospitals – Hospice Care
Reiki is particularly effective for patients undergoing palliative or hospice care. The International Association of Reiki Practitioners states on its website: “As a complementary treatment, Reiki is becoming more and more popular in the spheres of hospice, palliative and home care.” According to Merlene Bullock, RN, BSN, case manager, Hospice of the Valley, Phoenix, Arizona (Bullock, 1997), Reiki has been associated with improved quality of life in palliative situations.

Some general trends seen with Reiki include: periods of stabilization in which there is time to enjoy the last days of one’s life; a peaceful and calm passing if death is imminent; and relief from pain, anxiety, dyspnea (shortness of breath) and edema. Reiki is a valuable complement in supporting patients in their end-of-life journey, enhancing the quality of their remaining days.

Pamela Miles, Reiki Master, educator and author, who has consulted with hospital administrators about integrating Reiki practice into clinical care, says:

Caring family members can learn Reiki as easily as the palliative patient can. Caregivers experience stress and the first thing taught in Reiki Level 1 is self-care. This ability can be used to care for the palliative patient, thereby making the family member “feel useful” (Miles, 2003).

In 2012, the Penn Wissahickon Hospice, part of the University of Pennsylvania Health System, tested a volunteer Reiki program for its effectiveness in a hospice setting. Ellen Inglesby-Deering, a volunteer coordinator, commented, “It’s very exciting. I’ve heard nothing but positive feedback from patients, families and volunteers.”

A volunteer mentioned a patient with advanced dementia who giggled after the treatment and then started having a conversation with her daughter. The daughter later commented that she had not been able to have a conversation this beneficial with her mother in over a year.

The Reiki program for hospice care is still active as judged by the online requests for more Reiki volunteers.

A small study was performed at Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island (Connor and Anadarajah, 2017), to explore the experiences of hospice patients and their caregivers who received Reiki.

Three major themes emerged:

1. Trust plays an important role in both trying Reiki and experiencing benefits.

2. Sensations are felt in the body during Reiki; notable similarities in descriptions included somatic sensations (arising from skin, muscles, joints, etc.), temperature changes and visual sensations.

3. Some symptoms are relieved by Reiki, the most common being anxiety. Others include pain, agitation, nausea, and insomnia. Participants reported no side effects. It was concluded that although symptom management in hospice patients remains a challenge, Reiki has the potential to serve as a useful adjunctive therapy in treating several symptoms, particularly anxiety.

This article was excerpted with permission from “Reiki in Clinical Practice: A Science-based Guide,” by Ann Linda Baldwin, PhD (2020, Copyright © Handspring Publishing).

About the Author:

Ann Linda Baldwin, PhD, is director of Mind-Body-Science and professor of physiology at the University of Arizona, where she studies the physiological effects of mental and emotional stress. Baldwin is a master in Usui Reiki and Karuna Reiki. She is the editor-in-chief for the Center of Reiki Research and a member of the Research Team for UK Reiki Federation.


靈氣課程台北 學生心得靈氣課程推薦 靈氣問與答Q&A 給學生的一封信

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《影片採訪》 《靈氣療法》 《能量治療》 《研究紀錄》 《中醫隨筆》 《知命識命》

《影片採訪》

《靈氣療法》

《能量治療》

《紀錄研究》

《中醫隨筆》

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    宇謙老師 【作者:宇謙老師】
    中國執業中醫師(北京/天津).天津中醫藥大學針灸博士.多年來致力於推廣外身心靈課程、能量治療及健康講座,學生包括了專業的諮商師、醫護人員及神職人員。
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